Geography of JagatsinghpurHome to many rivers, beaches and being endowed with immensely fertile soil, the district of Jagatsinghpur is indeed pretty rich in geographical features. But the region is equally prone to natural calamities like cyclones, floods and even droughts. In fact during last few decades Jagatsinghpur has time and again faced nature’s wrath, which has had a catastrophic effect not only on lives of ordinary people but also on its economic pursuits. Below is more detailed and comprehensive information about geographical features of Jagatsinghpur District.
Geographical location and Land Area
Jagatsinghpur is located in east coast of Odisha state. In terms of latitude and longitude, the district falls in latitude of 20.27°North and longitude of 86.17°East. It is surrounded by Cuttack District in the West, Bay of Bengal in East, Kendrapara District in North-East and Puri District in south. In terms of land area, district has a land area of 1,759 km. This district is in fact smallest district amongst all the 30 districts of Odisha state. As for distribution or break down of land area is concerned, then forest area makes for only 132.92 sq.km, while rest of the land area is primarily divided among agricultural and non agricultural activities.
Climate of JagatsinghpurJagatsinghpur District enjoys quite moderate or temperate climate. In other words, summers are bearably hot, so is the cold during winter and even rainfall recorded here is just above moderate. During summer season temperature can rise up to 38°C, while during winter season temperature can slip to 12°C. As for rainfall during monsoon season is concerned, then it is around 1501.3 mm per year. One important feature of Jagatsinghpur’s climate is its erratic climatic behavior, which results in natural calamities like cyclones, floods etc. This is something that has already been discussed in the introductory paragraph. This erratic climatic behavior is largely owing to unique location of this district.
Rivers in JagatsinghpurFour rivers pass through Jagatsinghpur District. These are Mahanadi river, Kathajodi river, Devi river and Biluakhai river. Mahanadi River is obviously biggest river amongst the four. The rest of the three rivers are actually tributaries of Mahanadi River. They mostly start from Jagatsinghpur District itself and then flow to neighboring district like Puri and Cuttack. Since quite a few rivers and tributaries pass through Jagatsinghpur district, its soil ought to be immensely fertile. Most of the soil found here constitute of sandy loam and clay loam soils, which are indeed considered amongst most fertile soils for agricultural production. Speaking about agriculture further, then some of the main crops grown here are paddy, sugarcane, turmeric and cotton.
From above information it can be concluded that Jagatsinghpur region is one of those rare regions that has seen the good and worst of the nature. The worst obviously being natural calamities that this region constantly endures. And the good obviously being the rivers and fertile soil found in this region, which has given the region immense advantage on economic front.